Hello World

Hello, World!

fn main() {
    println!("Hello, world!");

fn means function. The main function is the beginning of every Rust program.
println!() prints text to the console and its ! indicates that it’s a macro rather than a function.

💡 Rust files should have .rs file extension and if you’re using more than one word for the file name, follow the snake_case convention.

  • Save the above code in file.rs , but it can be any name with .rs extension.
  • Compile it with rustc file.rs
  • Execute it with ./file on Linux and Mac or file.exe on Windows

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Before going to the next…

  • These are the other usages of the println!() macro,
fn main() {
    println!("{}, {}!", "Hello", "world"); // Hello, world!
    println!("{0}, {1}!", "Hello", "world"); // Hello, world!
    println!("{greeting}, {name}!", greeting="Hello", name="world"); // Hello, world!

    println!("{:?}", [1,2,3]); // [1, 2, 3]
    println!("{:#?}", [1,2,3]);

    // 🔎 The format! macro is used to store the formatted string.
    let x = format!("{}, {}!", "Hello", "world");
    println!("{}", x); // Hello, world!

    // đź’ˇ Rust has a print!() macro as well
    print!("Hello, world!"); // Without new line
    println!(); // A new line

    print!("Hello, world!\n"); // With new line